DATA PROTECTION GUIDE

guía protección datos personales

This guide wants to help you to understand the present law Reglamento Europeo y del Consejo de 27 de Abril del 2016 2016/679. So, we´re going to show the citizens rights about protection datas in EU. This information considers the rights form the law Ley Orgánica 3/2018 of 5th December of2018, too.

DEVELOPMENT AND PRESENT SITUATION

Some years ago, before masive use of Internet and computing,  information was stored by company, like personal data, was limited. Files was composed by address, ID number, marital status and telephone number.

Step by step, administration and private companies added more and more information to their files, datas like: bank details, credit card details, email, health information and life styles.

Last years, incorportation of datas to this kind of files has been masive. New tools to process these datas and new technologies have been a truly revolution in our society. Many times we give more information that it´s required. Then, they could know all of our insterests, family situation, work situations… So, it has been necessary to develop a new European Regulation to limit this activity. Especially to fix civil and penal responsabilities.

ADAPTATION AND SAFE HARBOR

Development of new technologies has done necessary to update the European Regulation 46/1995 of 24/11/1995, with a new Regulation and a lay Ley Orgánica 3/2015 of 5th December to Data Protection.

These new limitations weren´t well accepted by some USA companies, that wanted the autocontrol about data protection.  Some of them like Facebook, Google or Apple never felt good with kind of limitations. In spite of this, they offered their services to UE members.

To avoid this control, they joined under SAFE HARBOR agreement. It meant that the comany received  a “presumption of adapation”  to avoid the limits of European Regulation.

Fortunately, the EU Court, 6th October of 2015, found SAFE HARBOR invalid, then the companies had to get a protection of users rights and to adapt their service to new regulation.

PURPOSE OF EUROPEAN REGULATION AND SPANISH LAW

The purpose of Regulation  46/1995 of 24/11/1995, the European Purpose and Conceil of 27th April of 2016 and Spanish Law 3/2018 del 5th December of 2018 is:

  •  To protect personal datas.
  • To protect the human rights.
  • To control the information about personal data.

The laws are created beacuse the companies store too much information. These laws come late, but the speed of technologies does complicate to forsee to situations.

EU members have new laws to protect and to make companies inform previously about the datas that they store. Also the laws make companies use properly the information, respect the law and keep safe  the files that they manage.

The file managers have to give clear information, before and after to collect personal datas. Also they have to inform if the infomation takes a risk.

SPECIAL SITUATIONS

Kids have a special protection. This treatment is legal when the agreement is given by the legal guardian. The agreement has to be clear by the legal guardian.

Some personal datas always must be prohibited to proccess. We are talking about ethnic details, politics, religious, sexual or genetic details. It could be an exception when there is a explicit agreement to:

  • To have a affiliation to some services.
  • To protect vital people´s interests.

Special attention has the medical datas that are necessary to evaluate the work capacity, medical diagnosis, etc. Workers know the results of medical test , but the company couldn´t access to them. The only result shall be known if the worker could develop correctly his work or not.

People have to know:

  • Who is the file´s owner.
  • Which datas are stored.
  • Which is the file purpose.
  • Which are the possible recipients.
  • How long are the data going to be sotered

If the datas are collected without the authorizations of people, they could carry out their rigjts to know where the datas come from.

The interested person has always the right to change the imprecise datas, and to supress them.

CONTROL AUTHORITY

It has been necessary to create, in Spain, a control authority: AGENCIA DE PROTECCIÓN DE DATOS ESPAÑOLA. The agency watchs over the respect and compliance of those laws. To be sure about this compliance, it has been necesassry to create some penalise laws.

Companies have to define who are the file responsibles and whis is their liability.

The Regulations sets 3 different levels to sort  the infractions: mild, serious, so serious. Pescription deadlines are:

  • 3 years to “So Serious” penalties.
  • 2 year to “Serious” penalties.
  • 1 year to “Mild” penalties.

The files responsible have to keep safe all the registered datas. Law unfulfilment has a penalty until 20.000.000 € or 4% of  invoicing.

Big companies has been setenced with millionaire penalties beause they did bad use of information. Also, small companies are sentenced beacuse they send emails to clients and breaking thery rignts, as you could check in this link.

FORGET RIGHT.

Newness of this law is the forget right.  Citizens could require to delete the obsolete or inexact information, even though it was true. It´s never be something easy. Sometimes, it usally prevails the right information above the personal rights, especailly if we talk about famous and public person.

Also, we could order the forget right when the datas have been collect by illict ways or without authorization.

PERSONAL DATAS IN A COMPANY.

Overall, companies could collect the required datas to develop their activity. The could do it if the worker privacy is not invaded.

First hot point is to collect images from work areas or work vehicles.  Usually, this practice is allowed if the cameras respect the Agencia de Protección de Datos´s rules. Recordings have to be justified and and don´t invade the workers privacy. These recordings don´t catch sounds and the cameras couldn´t be installed in toilets or relaxing areas.

In these moments, geolocations are very important to the company. Devices intalled in work vehicles could collecy movement information. It´s logical if  these datas are necessary to develop activities. Devices never could catch sounds.

Cameras installation or geolocations device have to be notified previously. It is illegal to have hidden sytem without previous information.

SECURITY AND SURVEILLANCE CAMERAS.

Agencia Española de Protección de Datos has an easy and practical guide to inform about all you need to install security cameras. You could take a look this link.

With the new regulations, you don´t have to register the installation at the Agencia Española de Protección de Datos. It has been replace for a file with the resposible and activities details. It has to be aviable to autorities required.

The security cameras have to be indicated on the entrances. Then, affeted people always know tthat there are cameras working and they look the informative pannel. This pannel has to inform about responsible´s file details.

Storage of these images musn´t exceed 30 days,  except images collect from Police and they are neccesary to investigations.

If there are people want to access the installation, the responsible has to make a record of the person that wants to access and a photo of him. The responsible never gives access to images form other persons.

Some companies or public departments have to be obliged to install a surveillance system. For example, electric or water supply companies, bank sector, jewellery shops or security companies.  They have to obey the sector regulations.

Communities could install security cameras in private areas. They have to limit the records to accesa areas, public streets. This images couldn´t be watched on communal channels.

LITTLE GUIDE ABOUT SURVEILLANCE CAMERAS

cámara de videovigilancia security cameras

It is difficult to have a video surveillance system well adapted to our needs. This sector has a large range of posibilities, so we could choose since a simple camera until  tricky installations with domotic devices.

Let´s go to see cameras, a device with a lot of posibilities and versions. What kind of cameras are there? What have we to know about them?… Today, we´re going to explain averything.

DEMARCATE YOUT OPTIONS

We could be lost inside the ocean of different models, so we have to be clear with the use of cameras.

To start the selection and dismiss models, we could think about the angle view that we´ll need. Then, we´ll know if we have to looking for big angle cameras, 360º, etc.

If we need something more sofisticated, we could find cameras that detect movements, or night view cameras.

Always you have to bear in mind cameras have to be configured, so if you get ones with easy setting, it´s avoid you to contact with qualified people to work them.

CAMERAS LISTING

We´ll show you a cameras listing that you could find:

  • Inside Cameras: They are cheapest and easiest models that you´ll find.
  • Movement or Zoom Cameras: these are the best cameras if you want to control large areas.
  • Night View Cameras: they use a led system to get a good quality. These devices are so expensive.
  • Hiding Cameras: we are talking about integrated cameras inside different objets. They are used to police investigations and they are usefull to that.
  • IP Cameras: they are the most popular model at the moment. They could send images by Internet.
  • Tamper-proof Cameras: they have fixed cover mades by a strong material.
  • WIFI/Wireless Cameras: say goodbye to complex system and meters of wiring. These cameras work by batteries and don´t need power supplier.
  • Outside Cameras: they seem a tamper-proof camera but their are made to hold out bad weather.

Other listing is about the location. Then, we´ll have:

  • Cube Cameras: to outside areas.
  • Box Cameras: to inside areas.
  • Bullet Cameras: they are perfect to outside areas.
  • Domo Cameras: they are ready to outisde and inside areas as well.

PLACING SUGESSTIONS

There are some elements to bear in mind when we´ll fix our new cameras:

  • We have to find a visible place, then we´ll get a deterrent effect to thieves.
  • A great place to fix the cameras is the access ways. We have to be care that cameras don´t take image of private areas.
  • Perfect height is around 2.5m, we´ll get a great angle to have a good view and control.

CAMERAS ADVANTAGES

A videosurveillance system could give you great advantages:

  • Since psychological view, a CCTV system could give you an extra calm and you´ll feel safier. It´s a derrent element.
  • We could control everything. The cameras record every moment 24/7.
  • To get a surveillance system doen´t mean that you have to pay a lot of money.  You´ll find a differents prices, since a simple installation until complex with domotic devices.
  • Images recorded give us aditional information to help with community problems.

CAMERA AS KIT DEVICE

Probably, when you ´re goin to get a camera, you could buy a complete CCTV kit.  It´s a great option, that you´ll find everyting to have and manage a surveillance system. There are some elements you will bear in mind:

  • Recorder: it informs about number of channels, cameras that system shall have.
  • Connectivity: today the WIFI CCTV is the best option.
  • Image Quality: we suggest to get a HD camera to 1080 px.
  • Hard Disk : to save the images, 1TB is enought to 8 channels instalation.

We hope to clear your mind and help you to get a good decision.

TÉRMINOS RELATIVOS A LA VIDEOVIGILANCIA

ABREVIATURA

IMAGEN

DESCRIPCIÓN

AHD  ANALOG HIGH DEFINITON ANALOG HIGH DEFINITION

Traducido al español es una tecnología que convierte la señal analógica en digital aumentando la calidad de la misma.

ALCANCE  ALCANCE VIDEOVIGILANCIA Indica la distancia que la cámara permite obtener imágenes con una calidad aceptable.
ANTIVANDÁLICA  ANTIVANDÁLICA  VIDEOVIGILANCIA Refuerzo que se le aplica a algunos materiales para resistir ataques vandálicos

 

BLC  CONTRASTE VIDEOVIGILANCIA BACK LIGHT COMPENSATION

Sistema para compensación de luz de fondo para compensar situaciones de contraluz para evitar que la luz proveniente de la parte trasera de un objeto sature la imagen.

CCD

SENSOR

 CCD SENSOR VIDEOVIGILANCIA CHARGE COUPLE DEVIDE

Dispositivo sensible a la luz que convierten las luz obtenida de un escenario en señales eléctricas que una vez procesadas se convierten en señales de vídeo.

CCTV  CCTV VIDEOVIGILANCIA CIRCUITO CERRADO DE TELEVISIÓN

Termino utilizado cuando hablamos del conjunto de productos y materiales que componen una instalación.

COMPRESIÓN  COMPRENSIÓN VIDEOVIGILANCIA La compresión de imágenes se realiza para ocupar el menor espacio posible en el disco duro, esta compresión puede ser con o sin perdidas dependiendo el sistema y modo de realizarlas.
DNR

 

 DNR VIDEOVIGILANCIA DIGITAL NOISE REDUCTION

Reducción de ruido e interferencias en las imágenes para una mejor visualización.

DVR  DVR VIDEOVIGILANCIA DIGITAL VIDEO RECORDER

Dispositivo interactivo de grabación de vídeo y audio en formato digital. Se compone normalmente de un hardware para el tratamiento de las imágenes obtenidas a través de las cámaras y un disco duro para almacenar las mismas.

FHD  FULL HD VIDEOVIGILANCIA Full HD

Resolución de imagen de 1920×1080 píxeles por pulgada.

FPS  FPS VIDEOVIGILANCIA FRAME PER SECOND

Numero de imágenes por segundo que almacena la secuencia de imagen, la más habitual en cctv suelen ser 25 imágenes por segundo y que puedes ver como 25fps

 

FTP  FTP VIDEOVIGILANCIA FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL

Transferencia de datos digitales a través de un protocolo estandarizado que parte desde 1920x1080p

GB  GIGABYTE GIGABYTE

Un gigabyte es una unidad de almacenamiento de información cuyo símbolo es el GB, equivalente a 10 elevado a la novena. 1.000.000 mil millones de bytes

HD  HD VIDEOVIGILANCIA HIGH DEFINITION

Estándar utilizado para resoluciones de 1280×720 píxeles..

HDD  HDD VIDEOVIGILANCIA HARD DISK DRIVE

Dispositivo de almacenamiento de datos que emplea un sistema de grabación magnética para almacenar archivos digitales. Actualmente la capacidad de este tipo de discos duros para cctv suelen existir entre 1TB a 6TB

HDMI  HDMI VIDEOVIGILANCIA HIGH DEFINITION MULTIMEDIA INTERFACE

Conector de 19 pines para fuentes de audio y vídeo para pantallas y monitores que trasmite imagen en alta definición hasta 4K

IRIS  IRIS VIDEOVIGILANCIA Dispositivo que controla la cantidad de luz que entra en una cámara para tratar las imágenes. Pueden ser mecánico o electrónico y varia en función de la luz existente.
LEDS  LEDS VIDEOVIGILANCIA Los leds son dispositivos que emiten rayos infrarrojos IR capaces de visualizar una imagen en la oscuridad a pesar de estar completamente a oscuras para los ojos de una persona. Lo normal suele ser entre 24 a 42 leds para tener una buena imagen durante la noche
LENTE FIJA  LENTE FIJA VIDEOVIGILANCIA La lente de una cámara es el objeto por el que se obtiene las imágenes desde el exterior para enviarla al procesador. En el caso de lentes fijas la imagen no puede modificarse.
LENTE VARIFOCAL  LENTE VARIFOCAL Lente que permite acercar o alejar un objeto con tan solo girar la lente, esta puede ser manual o automático desde el DVR
LTV  LTV Son las siglas de LÍNEAS de TELEVISIÓN. son las líneas que es capaz de generar la cámara en una televisión y determinan la resolución. Cuanto mayor sea la misma mejor definición de imagen se conseguirá.
LUX  LUX VIDEOVIGILANCIA Determina la sensibilidad de la cámara para grabar en condiciones con baja iluminación u oscuridad. Los valores que se establecen como estándar suelen oscilar entre 0 lux y 0.5Lux
MODEM ROUTER  MODEM ROUTER Modular digital para conexión a Internet que modula las señales digitales en analógicas y viceversa, permite así la comunicación entre dispositivos conectados a Internet. Existen modem routers con la posibilidad de conexión inalámbrica WI-FI que transmite a los dispositivos sin cables.
PIXEL  PIXEL VIDEOVIGILANCIA Un pÍxel es la menor unidad mono homogénea en color que forma parte de una imagen digital. A mayor número de pÍxeles mayor calidad de imagen y mayor capacidad de ampliar sin perder detalle.
POE  POE VIDEOVIGILANCIA POWER OVER ETHERNET

Alimentación eléctrica a través del cable de red.

PTZ  PTZ VIDEOVIGILANCIA PAN TILT ZOOM

Sistema que permite a las cámaras rotar alrededor de dos ejes, uno horizontal y otro vertical.

RESOLUCIÓN  RESOLUCIÓN VIDEVIGILANCIA La resolución de una imagen indica la cantidad de detalles que puede observarse en ella que puede oscilar normalmente entre 720 píxeles y 2592 píxeles (5MP)
SWICTH  SWICTH VIDEOVIGILANCIA Dispositivo para la conexión de dispositivos a Internet puede ser de uno o varios puntos de accesos.
TCP/IP  TC IP VIEOVIGILANCIA TRANSMISION CONTROL PROTOCOL / INTERNET PROTOCOL

Conjunto de protocolos de red basados en Internet que permite la comunicación entre dispositivos conectados en red a Internet.

UTP  UTP VIDEOVIGILANCIA UNSHIELDED TWISTED PAR

Lo que quiere decir cable de par trenzado que normalmente se utiliza para transmisión de datos en redes de internet

VGA  VGA VIDEOVIGILANCIA VIDEO GRAPHICS ARRAY

Estandar de conector utilizado para pantallas de televisión y ordenadores con una resolución de 640×480 píxeles

WDR  WDR VIDEOVIGILANCIA WIDE DYNAMIC RANGE

Traducido al español significa AMPLIO RANGO DINÁMICO, cuando una imagen tiene dos zonas extremadamente opuestas en cuanto a oscuridad y claridad este sistema es capaz de equilibrar las zonas de contraste para evitando así la contraluz en determinadas zonas.

WIFI  WIFI VIDEOVIGILANCIA Tecnología inalámbrica que permite conectarse a Internet a través de un punto de acceso con un alcance aproximado de 20mts en interior, esta distancia puede ser mayor en espacios abiertos.
ZOOM  ZOOM VIDEOVIGILANCIA Dispositivo fotográfico de distancia focal variable que permite variar la distancia focal para acercar o alejar objetos de una imagen. Este sistema puede ajustarse manualmente en la cámara o en algunos casos donde sea automático desde el software o el menú de visualización.

LET´S GO TO SECURITY ESSEN 2016

essen security 2016

One of our compromises with our clients is to offer them the best newness to access control and security system. Last week we visited the INTERNATIONAL SECURITY FAIR MESSE ESSEN  in Germany. Fair about global security, where we could see the greats advances about control access and electronic keys system. Our parthner, WINKHAUS was there like leader of this sector.

The management softwares to surveillance system are changing everyday. During Security Essen 2016 we could see like these softwares allow a higher level of security and control.

These days we could see the great worry about security in public areas. This comes from the alert of attacks some years ago.

We took advantage of our visit, and we have selected the best productos and partners to give you our best service.

 

PICS GALLERY OF SECURITY ESSEN 2016

 

essen security 2016 essen security 2016 essen security 2016 essen security 2016 essen security 2016 essen security 2016 essen security 2016 essen security 2016

SECURITY CAMERAS MAINTENANCE

Powermatic security precaution maintenance

Usually when the security cameras are installed, we forget them and their maintenance. When something happnens and we need to review the images, we could discover that the system doesn´t work.

CCTV PROBLEMS

All cameras and CCTV system need a minimum maintenance. It means a basic works like to fix the camera supports. They use to be loosing by the winds, the focus could be dirty or people move them to not be recorded. Sometimes we find installations that don´t have power supplier and cameras don´t record anything.

 

Powermatic  offers a maintenance service to Administrations and Communities that are located around Marbella, Estepona and Benahavís. This service is free and unagreement. After our visit, we´ll inform you about the situations of your system and the best options to improve it.

Just contact us at 952 78 26 45 or send us an email at info@powermatic.es

SECURITY CAMERAS IN MARBELLA

cámara de videovigilancia security cameras

Security cameras to communities are the best system to avoid damages in common areas. It´s easy to be installed. Just it´s necessary to be aproved by 3/5 of neighbours. After that, we could start the installation. When everything is done, the community has to register the files in Agencia de Protección de Datos.

We must to put some signs to inform that area is beeing recorded. It´s prohibit to install cameras that could records private areas. Our company install security system in communities, companies and private houses around Málaga province.

HIGH-QUALITY CAMERAS

Today there are a lot of high-quality cameras that they could be controled by your smartphone. Our systems are compatible with the mayority of existing cameras. If you need to increase or change your surveillance cameras, contact us and we help you.

You  could order a quotation to your community if you call at 952 78 26 45 or send a email to info@powermatic.es

We are located in Polígono Industrial San Pedro, Marbella.